This is a tricky subject gua pun baru belajar beberapa jam yang lalu.
To begin this discourse please read this soyok tepek materials below (author unknown source here warning wordfile virus sendiri mau ingat UPDATE 1606PM The source is Puan Siti Alawiah Siraj. Pensyarah Accounting di IIUM. Beliau menulis Bab 3 ini dalam thesis MSc (Accounting) yang bertajuk "The Financial Management Practices of State Mosques in Peninsular Malaysia"-Thank you CendrawasihKayangan for the notification)
3.0 IntroductionThe discussion in this chapter is based on various related publications on state mosques, homepages of state mosques, and the researcher’s personal discussion with personnel from state mosques. The chapter is divided into two main sections: the administration of Islamic affairs and the administration of state mosques.
The first section explains the functions of the Islamic Religious Council (Majlis Agama Islam), the Islamic Religious Department (Jabatan Agama Islam) and the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (Jabatan Kemajuan Agama Islam Malaysia (JAKIM)). The second section covers the functions and categories of mosques as well as the general administration and financial administration of state mosques. The final section provides a conclusion to this chapter.
3.1 The Administration of Islamic AffairsAs Malaysia is a multi-religious country, Islam plays a very significant role in Malaysian society. Muslims constitute more than 50% of its population and are concentrated primarily in Peninsular Malaysia. Its significance is indicated in the Federal Constitution, which recognizes Islam as the official religion of the country while allowing other religions to be practiced freely in Malaysia (Majid, 1988). Article 3 (1) of the Federal Constitution stipulates that “Islam is the religion of the Federation” In addition to this, the involvement of the government in disseminating Islam and instilling Islamic values among Muslims is considerable. Government involvement, both at the Federal and State levels, signifies the importance of Islam in shaping the Malaysian society.
The Federal Constitution, however, delineates the power of the Federal government and the State governments in relation to the administration of Islamic affairs. The power of the State government is restricted to Shari’āh Laws that concerns Muslims and the administration of Islamic affairs in the individual state (Majid, 1988). The Ninth Schedule of the Constitution states that, among other things, the administration of Malay customs, zakāh (Islamic wealth/income taxes), fitrah (Islamic poll tax), baitul māl (Islamic Treasury) and other Islamic income, mosques and other places of worship for Muslims are the prerogative of the State governments. Accordingly, each state has its own enactments on the administration of Islamic affairs and Malay customs. Consequently, this may contribute to the variations in the implementation and enforcement of the Shari’āh Laws and administration of Islamic affairs in Peninsular Malaysia.
Peninsular Malaysia comprises what were known as Federated and non-Federated Malay states and the Straits Settlements (Jali, et. al., 2003). Federated Malay States were Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak and Selangor while Non-Federated Malay States comprise Perlis, Kedah, Johore, Kelantan, and Terengganu. These Malay states were headed by Sultans (the Rulers). The Straits Settlements were initially consisting of Penang, Malacca, and Singapore. In 1906, the Labuan Island, North Boneo (Sabah) and Sarawak joined the Settlements (Hooker, 2003). They were administered by British Governor. Singapore officially separated from Malaysia in 1965 (Jali, et. al., 2003). The Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur was established in 1974 when the state of Selangor ceded the territory to the Federal Government. Labuan and Putrajaya joined the Federal Territories in 1984 and 2001 respectively.
The provision in Article 3 of the Federal Constitution stipulates the relationship between elite (royal) power and the administration of Islam in each state. According to Article 3(2) of the Federal Constitution, the Ruler of the Malay States of Perlis, Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Johore, Pahang, Terengganu, and Kelantan is proclaimed as the head of the religion of Islam. On the other hand, Article 3(3) stipulates the head of Islam for states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah, and Sarawak is the Yang di Pertuan Agong (paramount ruler). For Federal Territories including Labuan, Article 3(5) specifies that the Yang di Pertuan Agong is the head of Islam and the Parliament involves in the administration of Islamic affairs of the territories. The Council of the Rulers elects the Yang di Pertuan Agong, who is then proclaimed as head of Islam in the country. Being the head of Islam, rulers of each State are responsible for the administration of Islamic affairs as well as the development and advancement of Islam.
In performing their duties, the rulers are assisted by the Islamic Religious Council (IRC) of each state. The IRC assists and advises the rulers in making policies and procedures pertaining to the administration of Islamic affairs in the state. While the IRC assists in the policy making, the Islamic Religious Department (IRD) is responsible for the execution of policies and procedures for the development and advancement of Islam in each state. At the Federal level, there is a Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM)) under the Prime Minister’s Department. The role of JAKIM is to standardize and coordinate the administration of Islamic affairs in all states.
A brief discussion on the objectives and functions of the IRC, IRD and JAKIM would facilitate the understanding of the unique nature of the administration of Islamic affairs in Peninsular Malaysia. Although there are variations in the administration of Islamic affairs between states, this section attempts to present the discussion in a general manner. The section also relates the functions of these agencies with the management of state mosques.
3.1.1 Islamic Religious CouncilThe IRC is the highest authority in a state with regards to policy-making relating to the administration of Islamic affairs. Additionally, the IRC also promotes the development and advancement of Islam in each state. The councils serve as an advisor to the rulers or the Yang di Pertuan Agong on all aspects of the administration of Islamic affairs. Apart from the key role of advising the rulers on Islamic affairs, most IRCs are actively involved in the economic programs that would benefit Muslims in the state. For instance, baitul māl (Islamic Treasury), one of the divisions in the IRC, manages waqaf (endowment) properties and other deserted properties that are owned by Muslims in the state for the benefit of Muslims. As for the zakāh funds, most of the states have privatized the management of the funds for them to be more effective in the collection and redistribution to the beneficiaries. For instance, Pusat Zakāt Selangor (Selangor Zakāh Centre) that was established by Majlis Agama Islam Selangor (Selangor Islamic Religious Council) manages zakāh collection and distribution on behalf of the state of Selangor.
With regards to the members of the IRC, the state enactment would normally stipulate the composition of its members. In Selangor for instance, the Administration of Islamic Law Enactment 1989 stipulates that members of the council should consist of the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman, the Mufti, the State Legal Adviser, the State Financial Officer, and ten other members of which at least five are ‘ulama’ (religious scholar). Their appointment by the Ruler is on the advice of the Mentri Besar. In practice, the Mentri Besar or Chief Minister normally serves as the chairman of the IRC. Table 3-1 lists the IRC for each state in Peninsular Malaysia.
The Malacca Islamic Religious Council is an example of an IRC in the non-Malay state. It acts as the highest authority to advise the Yang di Pertuan Agong, the head of Islam for the state on the administration of Islamic affairs. This is stipulated in Section 27 No. 1 1959 (1994 Amendment) Enactment of its Shari’āh Law Administration (http://maim.mmu.edu.my/b-maim/cartamaim.htm, 2002). Figure 3.1 illustrates the administration of Islamic affairs in the State of Malacca.
3.1.2 Islamic Religious DepartmentThe IRD is another Islamic entity, which is responsible for the development and advancement of Islam in a state. In the administration of Islamic affairs, the IRD is responsible for planning, coordinating and executing Islamic programs and activities for the development and advancement of Islam as outlined by the IRC. The IRD provides basic infrastructures such as Islamic religious schools at the primary and secondary levels as well as mosques to serve the community. Generally, the administration of the IRD comprises divisions that are responsible for religious education, propagating Islamic teachings, the Shari’āh court, mosques as well as research and development.
In achieving its missions, the IRD deploys its staff to all districts in a state with the purpose of overseeing and coordinating the execution of Islamic programs and activities including those of the mosques. In some states, the IRD also places its religious officers at district mosques to assist the mosque committees in the operation of the mosques. Table 3.3 lists the Islamic Religious Departments for each state in Peninsular Malaysia.
3.1.3 Department of Islamic Development MalaysiaAs an effort to minimize the variations in the implementation of Shari’āh Laws and the administration of Islamic affairs in Malaysia, the Federal government set up the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM)). The Department was established in 1968 and was initially known as the Islamic Affairs Division (Bahagian Hal Ehwal Agama Islam (BAHEIS)). Its primary objective is to strengthen efforts in developing and enhancing the achievement of Muslims in Malaysia . As a central agency, the department is also relied upon to enact, standardize and coordinate the implementation and enforcement of Shari’āh laws and the administration of Islamic affairs in all states
The department organizes seminars and meetings with religious officers at the national level in an effort to coordinate programs and activities for the advancement and development of Islam in Malaysia. The Department also deploys its religious officers to all states in Malaysia in the process of coordinating the implementation and enforcement of Shari’āh laws and the administration of Islamic affairs. Its officers work with the officers from the IRC and the IRD to ensure that the planning and implementation of Islamic programs and activities are standardized throughout each state.
In relation to the operation of mosques, there is a specific division that is responsible for the Islamic programs and activities in the community and the mosques. This division is known as the Division of Family, Social and Mosques Development (Bahagian Pembangunan Keluarga, Sosial dan Masjid (KESUMA)). The National Mosque is part of the administration of KESUMA
3.2 Mosques in Peninsular Malaysia
According to Al-Zarkasyi and Al-Zajaj, in Islam, all places of worship are called mosques (Mokhtar, 1997). In Arabic, the equivalent term for a mosque is al-masjid and literally it means a place for prostration. During the time of the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H), the term al-masjid referred to the House of Worship or the House of God. This term included churches, synagogues and temples (Rasdi, 1999). However, nowadays, the term al-masjid or mosque normally refers to a place of worship for Muslims (Rasdi, 1999).
To the Muslims, a mosque is regarded as the place to perform prayers to God, Allah. In Malaysia, for instance, a mosque would refer to a specific building where Muslims perform their daily prayers, congregational prayers and weekly prayers on Fridays. According to the Administration of Islamic Law Enactment 1992 of Perak, a mosque is a building or a place used for Friday prayers, daily prayers and other activities approved and encouraged by Islam. This is not to be confused with a musallá. A musallá (or surau) is a place ranging from a simple room to a building, for Muslims to perform daily prayers. Normally, Friday congregational prayers are not performed in musallás.
3.2.1 Functions of MosquesAlthough, initially, mosques were meant for religious purposes, the functions of mosques have evolved according to the situation. During the time of the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H), the building of mosques was initially for performing prayers. The building of the Quba’ Mosque when the Prophet and his followers arrived at Yathrib was meant for performing prayers (Mokhtar, 1997). However, once the Islamic state was established in Madinah, and realizing the importance of the mosque in shaping the society, the Prophet (P.B.U.H) personally made the effort to construct a mosque, which is known as the Prophet’s Mosque (Mohammad, 1996). From then onwards, mosques have not only functioned as religious places, but also as community centers. During the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H) time, the mosque served as the state administration center.
At present, although mosques are no longer used as a state administration center, their role in shaping society still continues. In Malaysia, for instance, a mosque functions as a vehicle for transforming government Islamic policies within the society. Islamic programs and activities are carried out in mosques to instill and strengthen the Islamic values among community members. Proper management and supervision of the mosques facilitates the services to the community.
3.2.2 Categories of MosquesThere is no consensus as to the categorization of mosques in Peninsular Malaysia. The state of Johore categorizes mosques in the state into two: government mosques and kariah or qaryah mosques (http://wwwjohor.net…/Pentadbiran%20 DanPengurusan% 20Masjid-johor.htm, 2003). The basis for this categorization is the sources of finance and administrative aspects. Government mosques are built in the state capital and all the districts of the state. They receive financial allocation from state government and managed by state government staff. Qaryah mosques may also receive financial support from the state government. However, the management of these mosques are initiated and carried out by mosque committees. In Perak, however, mosques are categorized into four types: government mosques, district mosques, small district mosques and qaryah mosques (http://www.geocities.com/bpm_jaipk/pengenalan.htm, 2002). The basis of categorization is not specified.
In light with the preceding discussions, it may be practical to categorize mosques in Peninsular Malaysia according to their administrative aspects and sources of finance. Generally, mosques in Peninsular Malaysia can be categorized into four types: state mosque, district mosque, qariah mosque and private mosque.
State mosques are managed state governments through the relevant agencies. The state governments also finance both the staff and their operational costs. Any donations that are received from the public will be used to finance part of the religious and social activities conducted by the mosques. Most of the state mosques appoint mosque committees to be part of their management. However, such committees do not normally play an active role in the management of the state mosques. In most cases, these mosques do not have qaryah members, as they are normally located at non-residential areas in the state capital. Generally, the attendees of daily and weekly prayers are “working people” in the vicinity of the mosques (Rasdi, 1999). Table 3.3 lists all state mosques in Peninsular Malaysia.
The second category of mosque is the district mosque. In contrast to state mosques, the primary source of finance for the district mosques is donations from members of the qaryah as well as the general public. The operation of these mosques is funded by donations. Primarily, the mosque committee performs the administrative tasks of these mosques. A district religious officer often chairs the mosque committees. Other committee members comprise religious officers of the State IRC and/or IRD and qaryah members who are elected during the annual general meetings. Generally, the IRD monitors the operations and activities of district mosques to ensure compliance with government policies and regulations outlined by the State IRC.
The third category of mosques is qaryah mosques. Generally, qaryah mosques exist within the district where district mosques are erected. Thus as a district may have more than one qaryah, it may also have more than one qaryah mosque. The main purpose of the qaryah mosques is to serve the people within the qaryah, which may be a distance away from the district mosque. As district mosque, the primary source of finance of these mosques is donations from members of the qaryah and the general public. A mosque committee elected by members of the qaryah normally handles the administrative aspects of these mosques. As district mosques, the operations and activities of the qaryah mosques need to conform to government Islamic policies and the regulations set by the State IRC.
The fourth category of mosques in Malaysia is private mosques. These mosques are managed and financed by private organizations or individuals. As such, the activities and programs of these mosques are not subject to the policies of any State governments or Federal government. For instance, mosques that are managed and financed by Indian Muslim associations throughout the country are in this category. The Pilgrimage Fund Mosque (Masjid Tabung Haji), the As -Syakirin Mosque of Kuala Lumpur City centre (KLCC) and the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque at the International Islamic University Malaysia are examples of private mosques. The existence of these mosques basically serves the people within the areas and most of them do not have qaryah members as such. In the case of Indian mosques, which are located in towns, their qaryah members normally consist of Indian Muslim businessmen and working Malaysians working in that vicinity.
3.2.3 General Administration of State MosquesIn general, there are three parties involved in the general administration of state mosques. These parties are the state IRDs, officers of state mosques and state mosque committees. Figure 3.2 illustrates the parties that are generally involved in the general administration of state mosques in Peninsular Malaysia. However, there is one exception to this administration. The Muhammadi Mosque in Kelantan is directly managed by the State IRC, with no involvement by the State IRD. The following paragraphs discuss the functions of each party that is involved in the administration of state mosques.
i. The Islamic Religious DepartmentThere are three distinct scenarios of how state mosques are being administered by the IRD. In the first situation, state mosques are under the prerogative of the respective Propagation Division of the IRD. The division supervises the general operation of a state mosque while the Administration and Finance Division of the IRD handles the financial affairs of the mosques. An example for this scenario is the state mosque of Negri Sembilan. Figure 3.3 illustrates the organizational structure of the Negri Sembilan IRD. As indicated, the state mosque appears as a subdivision of the Propagation Division.
(Source: http://www.mains.gov.my/jheains.html, 2002)Apart from the Propagation Division, there are six other divisions that form the administration of the IRD. These include the divisions of Religious Education, Prosecution and Enforcement, Shari’āh Laws, Research and Development, Administration and Finance and Propagation. Additionally, the Propagation Division also monitors the operation of other mosques in the state.
In the second scenario, the IRD sets up a Mosque Management Division to specifically monitor the operations of state mosques as well as other mosques in that particular state. This Division is also responsible for both the general administration and financial affairs of a state mosque. The organizational structure of the IRD for the state of Perak provides an appropriate example of this scenario. The IRD established a Mosque Management Division to purposely oversee the operation of the state mosque as well as other mosques in the state .
In the third scenario, the state mosque is formed as one of the divisions in the State IRD organizational structure. As an example, the IRD of Selangor establishes the state mosque as a division on its own and forms part of the administrative arm of the IRD. As a division of the IRD, the state mosque has its own administrative personnel. These personnel are responsible for both the general administrative tasks as well as financial administration. Religious officers such as the Imam only perform religious duties. This is probably due to the size and complexity of the state mosques. The Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque in Shah Alam, which took twelve years of construction, is the biggest mosque in South East Asia (Brochure of Masjid Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah 1988-2002). Figure 3.5 illustrates the organizational structure of a state mosque established as a division of the IRD.
ii. Officers of State MosquesThe officers of state mosques normally comprise the Imām Besar (Chief Cleric), the Imām (Cleric), the Khātib (Friday sermon reader), the Bilāl (caller to prayer) and the Siak (mosque keeper). These officers, in general, perform only religious duties except for the Siak who looks after the cleanliness of the mosque. Among other things, the duties require them to ensure that the Islamic programs and activities of the mosque are properly organized. The responsibilities are shared with the state mosque committees. Generally, these officers are appointed by the IRD or IRC.
iii. State Mosque CommitteesAnother party that is involved in the administration of state mosques is the mosque committee. In general, this committee does not play an active role in the general administration of state mosques. The committee works together with the state mosque officers to run the daily activities of the mosques. This includes religious classes for adults and children, monthly religious programs including ceramah (public religious talks) or qiyāmullail (midnight prayers). The state mosque committee is also involved in the selection of the speakers for the programs.Members of state mosque committees comprise religious officials from both the IRC and IRD and representatives from various government agencies. Their representation in the state mosque committee is on a voluntary basis. An official either from the IRC and the IRD normally chairs the committee while the Imām Besar of the state mosque often holds the position of secretary.
3.2.4 Financial Administration of State MosquesIn general, state mosques are not autonomous in their financial affairs. There are two sources of finance for state mosques; the state government allocation, and public donations. Consequently, state mosques have two sets of financial administrations; one relates to the state government allocation and the other is for public donations. The state IRD is responsible for administering the state government allocation while the state mosque committee is responsible for managing public donations.
However, there are two exceptions in the case of sources of finance for state mosques. The first exception is the state mosque of the Federal Territory. This mosque is funded fully by the Federal Government. It does not have any collection from the public. The second exception is the state mosque of Terengganu, which is fully funded by public donations. The mosque does not receive any financial assistance from the State government to finance its operations. Figure 3.6 illustrates the three different types of financial resources of state mosques in Peninsular Malaysia. The following paragraphs discuss the administration of State government allocation and the donations from the general public.
i. The Administration of State Government AllocationThe administration of State government allocation in state mosques involves annual budget preparation, disbursements and reporting the disbursement activities. Since the allocation is public monies received from the government, the administration of this allocation should conform to financial procedures issued by the government in the Treasury Instructions (Arahan Perbendaharaan). The conformation is required by Section 4 of the Financial Procedure Acts 1957 (Revised in 1972). The administration of this allocation is performed by the IRD of each state. The government allocation is granted based on the annual budget request prepared by the state mosques. Thus, the IRD of each state will prepare an annual budget for each state mosque. The staff of state mosques is normally consulted during the budget preparation process to ensure all supplies are included in the budget. Once completed, the annual budget is submitted to the State Treasury Department for approval.In expending the allocation, the IRD plays an important role in ensuring that all financial commitments do not exceed the budgets. As the funds from the government allocation are not actually transferred to either the IRD or state mosques, all payments for the expenditure are processed by the State Treasury Department. Apart from monitoring the use of the monies allocated, the Finance and Administration Division of the IRD compiles supporting documents and prepares payment vouchers for payments.
The department reports back to the State Treasury Department on the financial position of state mosques periodically. The State Treasury Department does all the recording and accounting of financial transactions undertaken by state mosques. Accordingly, the annual accounts for the state mosque are consolidated with the annual accounts of the State Treasury Department. Subsequently, these accounts are also audited.ii. The Administration of Public DonationsPublic donations, however, are collected either from the general public through static collection boxes placed in state mosques or during the Friday congregational prayers. The mosque funds management system would involve receipts, disbursements, operations of bank accounts and reporting back to the donors and/or contributors. Most of the public donations are in the form of cash or cheques.
In some state mosques, there is more than one type of funds collected from the general public. The state mosque of Pahang, for instance, collects more than one type of fund. In this case, the ‘general’ funds are meant for maintaining regular religious and social activities. Some funds are specifically collected for fasting month activities, tahfiz (memorization of the Qur’ān) schools, religious school conducted at the state mosque as well as orphanage schools and homes.In general, there are two ways of managing the public donations in state mosques. In the first instance, the funds are fully managed by the state mosque committees. In this instance, the state mosques committees act as the trustees of the funds. They have full authority over the receipts, disbursements and banking operations of the funds. An example for this type of public donations management is at the Abidin Mosque in Terengganu. The mosque committee of the state mosque has full authority over the management its public donations.
In the second situation, state mosque committees would normally be responsible for the collection of public donations only. The disbursement of the funds and their banking operations are handled by the state IRC who act as the trustee for the funds. All necessary controls with regards to the management of funds except for the collection are implemented and enforced by the IRC. The Zahir Mosque, the state mosque of Kedah is an example of this.Although state mosque committees are held responsible for managing public donations, the Imām Besar, who is normally the secretary of the state mosque committee, and the treasurer play an important role in the management of public donations. They ensure that all procedures in the Treasury Instructions pertaining to cash management are observed. In other words, the efficiency and effectiveness of the management of such funds in state mosques is very much dependent on their competence in financial management.
3.3 ConclusionThree Islamic agencies play an important role in the administration of Islamic affairs in Malaysia. They are the Islamic Religious Council, the Islamic Religious Department and the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia. Since the Malaysian Constitution delineates the power of the Federal and State governments, there are variations in the administration of Islamic affairs and Malay customs. As a result, the general administration of state mosques in Peninsular Malaysia varies from one state to another.
Elok lu baca dulu sebelum lu scroll down nanti kelam kabuts....Pokcik Pokcik PAH denga UMNO acu mung baco gak sikit...duk paka pioh serupo lebai palo otok serupo kerba bala...nate anying sugguh....
Let us look at some news reports.......
Kerajaan DAP P. Pinang tetap teruskan p/raya masjid
GEORGETOWN 6 Jun - Kerajaan negeri pimpinan DAP telah memutuskan kaedah pemilihan Anggota Jawatankuasa (AJK) Kariah Masjid di seluruh negeri menggunakan sistem pengundian dalam kertas undi ala pilihan raya.
Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Agama, Perdagangan Dalam Negeri dan Hal Ehwal Pengguna negeri, Abdul Malik Kassim berkata, kaedah pemilihan yang diperkenalkan itu adalah persetujuan bersama dengan pelbagai pihak termasuk Jabatan Hal Ehwal Agama Islam (JHEAI), Majlis Agama Islam Pulau Pinang (MAIPP) dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO).
"Menerusi perbincangan dan percambahan fikiran dengan pelbagai pihak, kerajaan telah bersetuju dan mahu kaedah pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah yang lebih telus, berbanding dengan tatacara pemilihan sedia ada,” katanya kepada pemberita di sini, hari ini.
Katanya, kaedah pemilihan secara undi itu bertujuan untuk mengembalikan hak anak-anak kariah untuk mencalon dan memilih pemimpin kariah masing-masing kepada MAIPP.And another one....
Beliau berkata, satu tatacara pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah masjid bagi tempoh 2012-2013 bagi memberi panduan mengenai kaedah pemilihan dan borang pencalonan telah diedarkan kepada semua masjid dengan tarikh tutup pencalonan pukul 12 tengah hari, esok. - Bernama Source here
Pilihan raya masjid bercelaru
Oleh Amin Ridzuan Ishak dan Faridzwan Abdul Ghafar
Tiada senarai daftar pemilih bagi pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah
GEORGETOWN: Pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah masjid di negeri ini bagi sesi 2012-2013 yang menggunakan kaedah 'pilihan raya masjid' dijangka bercelaru apabila berlaku kekeliruan berhubung individu yang layak mengundi pada proses dijangka bermula Sabtu ini.
Kerajaan DAP Pulau Pinang menjelaskan pihaknya tidak menyediakan senarai daftar pemilih untuk proses pengundian dan mereka yang layak mengundi akan ditentukan jawatankuasa kariah masjid sedia ada.
Bagaimanapun, beberapa pengerusi kariah masjid di negeri ini yang dihubungi Berita Harian mendakwa tidak mengetahui mereka perlu menetapkan nama kariah yang layak mengundi pada pemilihan itu seperti diminta kerajaan negeri.And this one too ya...
Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Agama dan Perdagangan Dalam Negeri dan Hal Ehwal Pengguna, Abdul Malik Abul Kassim, berkata pihaknya tidak menyediakan senarai daftar pemilih seperti dicadangkan pelbagai pihak termasuk Angkatan Muda Keadilan (AMK) Pulau Pinang dan menyerahkan sepenuhnya kuasa itu kepada jawatankuasa kariah masjid sedia ada.
“Setakat ini belum ada (senarai daftar pemilih) dan sejak 2009 lagi, kami mahu menyediakan senarai berkenaan, tetapi wujud kekangan berikutan ketiadaan kerjasama jawatankuasa kariah masjid sedia ada.
“Selepas pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah kali ini selesai, kami merancang menyediakan senarai daftar pemilih,” katanya di pejabatnya di sini, semalam.
Mengikut tatacara pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah masjid Pulau Pinang 2012-2013, individu yang layak mengundi adalah mereka yang tinggal di sesebuah kariah untuk tempoh tiga bulan.
Sementara itu, Pengerusi Kariah Masjid At-Taqwa Taman Tun Sardon, Abdul Aziz Mohd Shariff, berkata, pihaknya tidak mendapat arahan dan tidak mengetahui mereka perlu menyediakan daftar pemilih bagi pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah masjid, Sabtu ini.
“Saya dan ahli jawatankuasa masjid lain tidak pernah menerima arahan pihak berkuasa agama negeri yang meminta menyediakan senarai daftar pemilih untuk pemilihan yang akan diadakan.
“Tambahan pula, bagaimana untuk menyediakan daftar pemilih kerana kami sendiri masih keliru dan ragu dengan syarat ditetapkan untuk ahli kariah menjadi pemilih,” katanya.
Sementara itu, Abdul Malik berkata, pihaknya akan tetap menjalankan proses pemilihan jawatankuasa kariah masjid di negeri ini bagi sesi 2012-2013 menggunakan kaedah ‘pilihan raya masjid’ walaupun mendapat bantahan pelbagai pihak yang bimbang kesan negatif daripadanya serta belum mendapat perkenan Yang di-Pertuan Agong selaku ketua agama Islam.
“Pemilihan Jawatankuasa Kariah Masjid Pulau Pinang 2012-2013 adalah mengikut Seksyen 104 (1) (b) Enakmen Negeri Pulau Pinang 2004 dan 4(1) Kaedah-kaedah Jawatankuasa Kariah dan Pegawai Masjid (negeri Pulau Pinang).
“Tatacara baru itu memberikan hak kepada anak kariah untuk mencadangkan jawatankuasa masjid masing-masing kepada Majlis Agama Islam Pulau Pinang sebelum mendapat perkenan Yang di-Pertuan Agong,” katanya.
Abdul Malik berkata, selepas tarikh pencalonan ditutup Selasa lalu, 193 daripada 200 masjid sudah menghantar senarai pencalonan masing-masing yang membuktikan majoriti kariah menerima pakai tatacara pemilihan diperkenalkan.
“Malah, ada masjid mengadakan kompromi di kalangan ahli kariah masing-masing untuk mengelak berlakunya pertandingan,” katanya. Source here
Pemilihan masjid: Kariah Pulau Pinang mahu ke mahkamah
June 15, 2011
GEORGE TOWN, 15 Jun – Persatuan Kariah-kariah Masjid Pulau Pinang akan mengambil tindakan mahkamah terhadap kerajaan negeri sekiranya masih bertegas melaksanakan kaedah pemilihan anggota masjid kariah mengikut sistem pilihan raya umum.
Yang Dipertua persatuan itu, Datuk Seri Mohd Yussoff Latiff berkata persatuan itu berpendirian tegas tidak bersetuju dengan tindakan yang diambil kerajaan negeri berikutan kaedah berkenaan tidak mengikut undang-undang yang sedia ada berikutan ia masih belum mendapat perkenan Yang di-Pertua Agong.
“Persatuan mengambil pendirian memandangkan pilihan raya itu diadakan dalam keadaan tergesa-gesa di samping menggunakan sistem pemilihan yang agak longgar serta mengelirukan hingga dikhuatiri akan mengundang perpecahan dalam kariah masjid berbanding tujuan asal perjuangan persatuan itu untuk penyatuan ummah,” katanya dipetik Bernama Online.
“Malah jika belum mendapat perkenan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, ia dianggap menyalahi undang-undang dan sekiranya dilaksanakan juga untuk menjaga rumah Allah, maka ia merupakan satu dosa,” katanya selepas mempengerusikan Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Khas Persatuan Kariah-Kariah Masjid negeri Pulau Pinang di sini hari ini.
Yussof berkata proses tindakan mahkamah itu adalah tindakan terakhir yang akan diambil pihaknya dan isu tersebut perlu diselesaikan menerusi musyawarah.
Kerajaan Pulau Pinang minggu lepas mengumumkan pemilihan jawatankuasa masjid di negeri itu diadakan secara pilihan raya mulai tahun ini bermula 18 Jun hingga 23 Julai yang melibatkan lebih 200 masjid menggantikan cara lama di seluruh Pulau Pinang Source hereThe Federal Government also had a say in it...
12 Jun (Bernama) -- Kerajaan Pulau Pinang wajar memohon perkenan Yang di-Pertuan Agong terlebih dahulu sebelum melaksanakan kaedah pemilihan Anggota Jawatankuasa (AJK) Kariah Masjid mengikut sistem pilihan raya umum.
Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Jamil Khir Baharom berkata mengikut perlembagaan negara, segala hal yang berkaitan agama Islam terletak di bawah bidang kuasa Raja dan Sultan negeri masing-masing.
Beliau berkata dalam konteks pentadbiran di Pulau Pinang yang tidak mempunyai Raja, permasalahan berkaitan agama Islam terletak di bawah bidang kuasa Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
"Saya melihat dari sudut perlembagaan dan perundangan, kuasa Yang di-Pertuan Agong ini seolah-olah tidak dipatuhi dan cuba diingkari," katanya kepada pemberita di sini hari ini.
Beliau mengulas mengenai isu kaedah pemilihan AJK Kariah Masjid di seluruh Pulau Pinang seperti yang diinginkan oleh kerajaan negeri itu dengan menggunakan sistem pengundian dalam kertas undi ala pilihan raya.
amil Khir berkata keputusan kerajaan Pulau Pinang untuk menjalankan sistem pemilihan AJK Kariah Masjid mengikut ala pilihan raya berkemungkinan besar akan mewujudkan perpecahan di kalangan umat Islam, khususnya dalam masjid.
Katanya perpecahan akan berlaku kerana timbul keraguan dalam isu untuk menentukan kawasan lingkungan bagi seseorang qariah masjid dan mekanisme yang digunakan untuk memperoleh senarai nama jemaah sesebuah masjid, yang bertindak sebagai pemilih dalam pilihan raya masjid itu.
Beliau berkata imam-imam masjid perlu bekerjasama menolak sistem pemilihan berdasarkan sistem pilihan raya itu kerana penjelasan yang terperinci diperlukan terlebih bagi memastikan kesahihan sistem berkenaan.
Well let us look at the Law now.....
By now if you had read the first part of this post you would know about how the Governance Structure of Islam in the respective states....
We know about the Majlis Agama Islam and The Jabatan Agama Islam....
And it is the Masjlis that sets how Mosque are to be administered, the Jabatan is just an executing entity on behalf of the Majlis.....
So lets check out Penang's....
I've been trying to go the Penang State Government Portal for the past few hours....
Woi Milaka Mali Kencing Boy ape pasai lu punya website down loh.....
The Jabatan Agama Islam site is also down, the only one up is the Majlis Agama Islam..
So I'm unable to get to the actual announcement of the "Elections"
The best I could get is via google cache
HEBAHAN MEGNENAI PEMILIHAN JAWATANKUASA KARIAHCari sana sini jumpa la jugak
MASJID-MASJID NEGERI PULAU PINANG 2012-2013
Adalah dengan ini Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang mengarahkan kepada semua kariah di dalam Negeri Pulau Pinang untuk mengadakan Mesyuarat Agong Khas Pemilihan Jawatankuasa Kariah 2012-2013 seperti pada masa dan tarikh yang telah ditetapkan. Proses pemilihan hendaklah diadakan seperti yang dijadualkan. Refer here
Refer here for the Full Law
The most crucial one is this refer here
ENAKMEN 2And the Kaedah
ENAKMEN PENTADBIRAN AGAMA ISLAM (NEGERI PULAU PINANG) 2004
BAHAGIAN VII - MASJID
Seksyen 104. Jawatankuasa Kariah
(1) Majlis boleh, dengan kelulusan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, membuat peraturan bagi—
(2) Jawatankuasa Kariah sesuatu kariah masjid, bersama-sama dengan Pegawai Masjid, hendaklah—
- (a) penubuhan Jawatankuasa Kariah bagi sesuatu kariah masjid;
- (b) menetapkan cara bagaimana anggota Jawatankuasa Kariah itu hendak dilantik; dan
- (c) menetapkan fungsi Jawatankuasa Kariah itu.
(a) bertanggungjawab bagi pengelolaan sempurna dan keadaan baik masjid serta semua tanah perkuburan Islam dalam kariah masjid itu;
(b) bertanggungjawab bagi kelakuan baik anak kariah dalam perkara yang berhubungan dengan agama Islam; dan
(c) memberikan maklumat wajar dan segera kepada Majlis tentang semua perkara yang berbangkit dalam kariah masjid itu yang memerlukan perhatian Majlis.
Pg. P.U. 4/97
KAEDAH-KAEDAH JAWATANKUASA QARYAH DAN PEGAWAI MASJID (NEGERI PULAU PINANG) 1997
BAHAGIAN Ill - PEMILIHAN JAWATANKUASA QARYAH
Kaedah 4. Pemilihan ahli Jawatankuasa Qaryah.
(1) Pegawai Tadbir Agama Daerah hendaklah mengemukakan dan mengesyorkan kepada Yang di-Pertua nama-nama anak qaryah dalam qaryah sesuatu masjid itu yang pada pandangannya adalah layak diIantik untuk menjadi ahli Jawatankuasa Qaryah.
(2) MAINPP, jika ia berpuas hati, bolehlah melantik orang-orang yang telah disyorkan itu menjadi Pengerusi dan ahli jawatankuasa Qaryah. Jika MAINPP tidak berpuas hati dengan mana-mana nama yang disyorkan itu, MAINPP bolehlah minta dikemukakan nama-nama yang lain, atau melantik mana-mana anak qaryah bagi qaryah masjid itu yang pada pandangannya adalah layak untuk menjadi Pengerusi atau ahli Jawatankuasa Qaryah.
(3) Dengan seberapa segera selepas MAINPP membuat perlantikan di bawah subkaedah (2), Pengerusi yang diIantik hendaklah mengadakan suatu mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Qaryah untuk melantik di antara ahli yang dilantik menjadi Pengerusi-Pengerusi biro yang ditubuhkan di bawah Kaedah 21. Refer here
So we the Public needs to know how does all of this add up....don't we?
Refer back to the Statement from Abdul Malik the Representative of the Penang Government
Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Agama, Perdagangan Dalam Negeri dan Hal Ehwal Pengguna negeri, Abdul Malik Kassim berkata, kaedah pemilihan yang diperkenalkan itu adalah persetujuan bersama dengan pelbagai pihak termasuk Jabatan Hal Ehwal Agama Islam (JHEAI), Majlis Agama Islam Pulau Pinang (MAIPP) dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO).
Camno ni bang oi.....
Majlis tu dah dapat KELULUSAN dari Agong ke ?
Yang hampa pi selit NGO pulak dalam "persetujuan bersama"......poning eh ....bersama tu beb.....gerun siut as if they can object......nak masuk meeting room pun belum tentu ada rights.....
Idea sape nih? Coba cita sket
Wanna score some brownie points under the name of transparency and meritocrasy ke?
Atau saja nak cari pasal?
Remember the Pangkor Treaty clause Other than Religion and Custom in 1874 which is carried forward into our current constitution............the state government without a Sultan better know its place.....